All articles published in Iqbal Review related to Philosophy.

“Empty-handed from an Orchard”
The Role of Muhammad Iqbal’s thought in Awakening Universal Sense of Justice on Jerusalem

by: Dr. Shahzad Qaiser Abstract The struggle of Truth against falsehood and Virtue against vice and so forth has not come to an end in the history of Man. It continues to take different forms in different epochs and countries. The development of human consciousness both inwardly and outwardly has put an enormous responsibility on the shoulders of every person to stand for Truth. A tragic failure...

From Young to Old: a Comparative Study of Iqbal and T. S. Eliot


by: Khurram Ali Shafique Abstract Eliot’s first professionally published poem appeared in Munroe’s magazine in June 1915. The title was ‘The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock’. It was the time when Iqbal was reading the final proofs of his first “professionally published” poem, ‘The Secrets of the Self’ (Asrar-i-Khudi), in Persian. His poem appeared soon afterwards in September. The two poems, each...

Sources of Tolerance and Intolerance in Islam


by: Dr. Ibrahim Kalin Abstract Islam’s encounter with other religions is as old as Islam itself. The two sources of Islam, i.e., the Qur’an and Hadith, contain extensive discussions, narrations, and injunctions on the various religious traditions before Islam and especially Judaism and Christianity. The Muslim awareness of the multiplicity of faith traditions is evident not only in the Qur’an but...

Religious Tolerance:
Some Observations in the Context of Islam–West Encounter


by: Muhammad Suheyl Umar Abstract If the ideal of freedom is based less on ideas of inalienable natural rights than on the notion that all truth is relative, then the mainstream Islamist thinking will need to unhitch itself more explicitly from the broadly Western paradigms which it accepted for most of the twentieth century. Yet the relation Islam/Enlightenment seems predicated on simplistic...

The Forgotten Treasure of Iqbal’s Reconstruction


by: Dr. Muhammad Maruf Shah & Dr. Ibtasam Thakur Abstract Iqbal is the unique flowering of poetical, mystical and philosophical genius in recent Islamic history. What makes him truly modern and gives him a permanent place in the annals of modern history is The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. Reconstruction makes Iqbal the most important intellectual of modernist Islam. His...

Time – The Essence of Eternity


by: Ghulam Sabir Abstract The question of Time has been common among philosophers of all ages. Even Greeks and after them Muslim philosophers belonging to pre-scientific age tried to understand the reality of time. The Ikhwan rejected the Aristotelian notion of time as being nothing but a measure of movement. They considered the time as related to the motion of heavenly bodies in the physical...

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